Orthotics are splints or regulators while conservative measures include various footwear like gelled toe spacers, bunion / toes separators, bunion regulators, bunion splints and bunion cushions. There is a variety of available orthotics (or orthoses) including over-the-counter or off-the-shelf commercial products and as necessary, custom-molded orthotics that are generally prescribed medical devices. Surgery edit Bunions are painful. Finding appropriate shoe wear can become difficult, especially for women who want to be fashionable but have difficulty tolerating fashionable shoe wear. Finally, increasing deformity begins to displace the second toe upward and may create a situation where the second toe is constantly rubbing on the shoe. Originally from the East Anglican word "bunny," the word "bunion" means "swelling." Also called "hallux valgus," it describes a protrusion at the base of the big toe. Bunions are nine to ten times more frequent in women than in men. Because our big toe joint helps to bear and distribute weight during most activities, it is important to know how to slow bunion development, control the pain, and decide when to opt for surgery. Hammer Toe - A tightening of ligaments and tendons causing the toe joints to buckle, forcing the toe upward and leading to shoe abrasion, inflammation, bursitis, corns and calluses. Bunions can be very painful and unsightly. People who suffer from bunions know how painful and debilitating they can be. Bunion treatment unfortunately is not an easy undertaking, and may well require surgery. Living with bunions can truly be overwhelming; diagnosis of the problem and treatment can truly enhance the quality of living for the individual. Bunions are a foot disorder that develops as an enlargement on the inside of the big toe joint, and moves on to smaller toes. High heeled and pointy shoes that cramp the air make women most affected by bunions Sometimes, these bunions thicken the bursa to cause abnormal bone formation and toe misalignment. Wear spacers, foam pads that help hold apart the first and second toes, at bedtime. Although these are available at most drug stores, you can also cut a hole in the top of an old pair of shoes for a similar effect. These types of devices can help reduce pain and pressure on the bunion. Step 3 Swallow a pain reliever such as ibuprofen, aspirin or naproxen to help reduce bunion inflammation and pain. A doctor can also inject the site with cortisone for faster results. If you stop using the devices, your bunion may continue to progress with it's natural path (which will vary for each individual person). The Mayo Clinic says foot deformities, such as bunions (an abnormal, bony bump that forms on the joint at the base of your big toe), hammertoe (the toe is bent at the middle joint, so that it resembles a hammer) and bone spurs (bony projections that develop along the edges of bones), may create continual rubbing in your shoe. To get rid of foot odors, try reducing sweat. You can pour a powder like Gold Bond into your shoes to soak up extra moisture. You could also spray your feet with a spray like Odor Eaters And don't be afraid to wash those bad boys a few times per day!